Sports Act
The Sports Act (Act XXVI of 2002) came in force on the 27th of January 2003 and defined the role of the then, Malta Sports Council (KMS), a governmental organisation, and the Malta Olympic Committee (MOC), a non-governmental organisation.

Governmental sport organization
Through the Sports Act, SportMalta became the supreme authority of Sport whose mission includes increasing participation in sports especially amongst children and youths, promoting a culture of excellence in sport, and monitoring and evaluating all practices, operations and activities relating to sport matters. Physical education and sport in schools falls within the Education Division, a remit of the Ministry for Education and Employment.

Non-governmental sport organization
The main objective of the MOC is to ensure that preparations by prospective participants are of a standard for the major competitions in which Malta takes part, such as Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, Mediterranean Games, Games of Small States of Europe, and other International games. Associations have representatives on SportMalta and the MOC.

Sports federations and clubs are mainly run by volunteers at administrative level. Most athletes lack the financial support to turn their sport into a profession. This often puts Maltese athletes at the bottom of league tables in Europe.

New Sports Act
Sport Malta together with the Government and a number of stakeholders is currently in the process to publish a new Sports Act